Chondromalacia patellae is a condition where the cartilage on the undersurface of the patella (kneecap) softens and becomes inflamed. This is commonly seen in young to middle aged persons, however it can also be seen in elderly patients.
Chondromalacia patellae will typically present as pain in the front of the knee. Pain may worsen after sitting for a prolonged period of time like sitting in office. Sometimes the pain may increase during activities that apply extreme pressure to your knees, such as climbing stairs, riding a bicycle, standing for an extended period or exercising. X-rays or MRI may be advised to further study the problem.
The treatment generally involves rest, ice, elevation and compression initially. Some pain killers, braces and physiotherapy is needed for long standing cases. Certain specific activities that increase pain like cycling, climbing stairs, sitting for long periods in the same position have to be avoided. Arthroscopic surgery and treatment is used rarely in severe cases who are not benefiting from other forms of treatment. During the procedure the damaged part of cartilage is treated by debridement, micro fracture, radiofrequency ablation etc.
Disclaimer: These are general description of the medical condition . This does not constitute medical advice. Each patient is different and the patient’s treatment has to be undertaken after consultation with your Orthopaedic Surgeon.